Lawrence Sherman: I think that the federal government role is crucial, and it’s been a consensus on both the right and the left in criminal justice policy for a long time, that only the federal government has the economies of scale to do the kind of research and development that could transform local and state criminal justice operations, and that is something that I think we still need to work on. And at this time, with the bankruptcy of excessive prison costs creating the opportunity, I think the federal role could be much more clear. And in a historic effort, the Obama administration could go right from health care to criminal justice to helping to change the paradigm — to help us think about criminal justice as a multi-governmental effort that has to be integrated, especially at the state and local level, and to get the actors involved to be under more transparent political accountability for getting that balance right. I think when we have this discussion, a lot of people will come together right around this notion of reducing the prison costs in order to drive up the police budget and to make policing more effective. I think that’s the formula. It’s not just about the latest research on prisons, the latest research on policing. It’s about seeing the connections between these two in order to make a fundamental leap forward in federal leadership of criminal justice policy and the buttons that we need to push.