so now switching gears for a a little
bit I want to talk about the Odum
Institute for Research in social sciences and its director and professor Tom
carsey and as before us a little bit about each intern I’m first just a word about
social science what it is in its broadest sense it’s
the study of society and the manner in which people behave
and influence the world around us its closely linked to behavioral science
as each is interested in systematic process the
South human behavior that National Science
Foundation group social and behavioral sciences together
in its organization it’s called social behavior on economic sciences
Directorate or Spee sciences the autumn Institute supports policies I
want to tell you just a little bit about the social behavioral sciences at UNC Chapel
Hill I because you might not know I’m inward they are awesome I’m and surprisingly not many people seem to know this I’m
taking the opportunity to tell you there are many measures that this I’m
just gonna talk about to first we can look at the rankings have
some other key departments am these are reputational rankings based
on appear assessment surveys as published in a US News and World
Report in these sociology ranked 6 along with Harvard and the University of
Chicago history ranked 11 along with Cornell in Johns Hopkins
psychology ranks twelfth along with Penn and political science
ranks 13 along with wash you in saint louis on I don’t know but I might mention that three out of the four those are
higher-ranked then Duke I’m it to them armpit second if you
prefer harder date and and let’s consider external funding UNC
is the whole issue now ranks ninth nationally in terms the federal
risk support an eleventh in total support in the most recently
reported data by the National Science foundation if we look at the
disciplinary area separately each one and its national ranking the social and
behavioral sciences here Carolina ranks second nationally University
michigan ranks first and why is this it’s a credit to all
those social behavioral sciences department it’s also actually credit to the centers and institutes because
they are collaborate together to make that happen looking at Carolinas portfolio I’m sure you would expect that pending
in the life sciences our largest component by far I’m but but you might not know is that the social behavioral sciences
come in second at $129 million dollars in the most
recent report so social and behavioral sciences here
really really strong and why is that I have one answer for
you and it’s the Art Institute so let me say
a few words about its director on doctor tom carsey is a distinguished professor of political science he is the
current president at the southern Political
Science Association and he recently completed a term as
editor state politics and policy quarterly one at the I’m
official journals at the American Political Science Association his interests center on representation
in national and state politics and also on research methods
which makes him perfect to serve in the role that he
does thank you barbara thank you Chesser fault and and the board for
inviting us to talk with you today I really I I feel like I should have brought my
children with me today I’m part of something awesome I’m distinguished I the I don’t hear
this at home at all so I if you guys are taping this this be great I’ll as I appreciate the opportunity this
does speak with you today I hope you’ve gotten this decides in advance but will will talk through them as we work along
my name is Tom carsey and that I had the good fortune of being the
director love the autumn Institute for Research in social science here at UNC the other message was a little bit
different than the typical Research Institute on campus in the sense that our core mission is
really to provide support and infrastructure help provide a
foundation for the research that others might be doing right whether it’s individual faculty
members teens a faculty research happening in other centres and
institutes on campus or elsewhere in the system in the country in the
world were ninety years old we celebrated our 90th anniversary last year’s are not quite as old as the
book that was brought in but we’re the oldest center Institute of any kind at
UNC you all the social science Center
anywhere in the country we think in the world arm and that gives us a
perspective that gives us a history arm love providing a core support for
social science research here on campus we have no time to find
social science very broadly arm so we reach very aggressively
outside of the traditional departments social science here in the college down
to the medical schools school public health journalism school dentistry are you name it anywhere on campus we’ve
got our fingers in the pot trying to help people do their work we think any
research that involves humans is potentially social science
research take a very interdisciplinary approach
to this which is written mention makes a serving as a centre and Institute an
ideal way for us to be structured about Bever told us a little bit about what
social science a years and what it means I’ll we at the Art Institute very much
reflect this recent quote from an editorial in nature a that says if you want science
to deliver for society you need to support the
capacity to understand that society that’s exactly what we do we provide
capacity support capacity to help the scholars at UNC understand the way society operates fact I might be
so bold as to suggest this quote might replace if you want science to deliver for
society with if you want a university to deliver for
society you need to support the capacity to
understand that society to affect positive change I like wreck I
don’t have time to tell you everything about what we’re doing in the autumn
Institute and Sunday to highlight a few examples
in a few of our staff members a broader soon with a along as as real
live living breathing proof that we have an impact on on people’s lives on but I’d love to
entertain any questions you have or electric said please come and visit us you don’t have
to go all the way down the coast to see us yep go all the way over the second floor
Davis library to CS maybe not quite as dramatic but if I could throw some sand around if it
will help well let me introduce John Crabtree a to you John Crabtree has been in the
autumn Institute for more than 20 years John runs our world-class data archive and also our IT support within the data archive critical to what we do in the autumn Institute in
our support or data and data management is our work
in partnering with with our colleagues at Harvard
University on the development and expansion and utilization of a tool
called the day divers arm so not the universe just the day
divers are this is a software platform design to make it easy and flexible for researchers to manage their research
data more importantly to share their research data with others so that other
scholars can find what people have done and utilize it this is fundamentally
important as funding agencies now require affective data management plans as part
of grant applications but it’s also just the right way to do
science rights science succeeds when it’s open when it’s transparent
when it shares the results of what it’s done is as effectively as akin and a robust a
dark-eyed is fundamental to that I’ve highlighted
a couple of projects where we’re leveraging the day divers here on campus are you might know the measure
evaluation project arm funded project over in the Carolina
population center the single largest grant award received by UNC the last renewal was a
180 billion dollars also a hundred eighty 180 your tomatoes
tomatoes a million here a billion there sooner or later it starts at now arms this project you is a major project
on campus is doing real important both scientific and an impactful research we now provide
core data management support for the major projects through the day
divers tool were also now talking with them about expanding their support in their data collection and data a
analysis efforts providing training to folks who
are doing this work I provide I i did some training actually last semester for them delivered not on another project are the highlight as
a another example of what we’re doing is
down in school dentistry the opera project this is a project that
studies pain management around the jaw and other
kinds related projects doctor Gary Slade down there’s
conflicting data for several years has patient data are but also genetic markers data about these patients and multiple
years at this and they were getting buried in trying to manage and organize their
own research data for their own research team they called John and his team went down arm built and executed a demand plan for them we’re continuing to work
with them to organize and protect this very important sensitive secure
research data that’s up at the core of another
multimillion-dollar Rep ripple a along with research we also support the
teaching mission affectively at the University this is probably how most
people on campus would encounter hours we offer about ninety short courses and workshops every
academic year we also do a lot of one-on-one and small group counseling
and consulting a we quite literally see several
thousand unique individuals every year in our short courses in our consulting
faculty graduate students undergraduate students
I’m highlighting trees Edwards here trees are leads our survey
research efforts within the autumn Institute arm which
includes a significant training program in a particular directs a
graduate certificate program and survey research this includes
semester-long course is workshops in short courses and applied
practicum all designed to help students develop
the skills & expertise in survey research methods a receivers
are the certificate have been very well received in the job market has been very
effective program for us and in particular you might be
interested know this is a program that stop array to jointly with RT I international which is a great
example of a public-private partnership and pushing his program forward to
serving the students here at North Carolina on to other summer a training programs
are mentioned here on the sly data matters this is a week-long summer
intensive a set of courses on data science big
data data mining all those kinds of things a we partner with rent see in the
National Consortium for data science on that we also partner with another company in
the Triangle research talk incorporated on which specializes in
qualitative research methods we partner with them in
offering a summer intensive training program in qualitative research methods
we’ve been doing that effectively for several years so several
public-private partnerships a part of what we’re doing. Of course, any public university, any agency unit on
a public university asked have service component and we rightly believe in arm I may be the best example a recent example for us and I know a Chancellor Folt is aware of some of this is is the work one of our analysts Chris Wiesen has
done with the Office of Admissions. Chris is a PhD in psychology and a
statistician works for us at the Institute. He’s done
several projects with the UNC admissions office looking at several
elements of the formulas they used to forecast
success for perspective incoming students The first study I’m
highlighting their is work that Chris has done, really
groundbreaking research no one had ever really done this before to try to evaluate a whether or not
there was a measurable impact on student success for taking AP classes in high school I was sort of
all assume well AP’s are good and more must be better
about what Chris found in really groundbreaking research is
that there’s a limit to the impact of AP courses at having
some is a good thing there’s they’re good predictors performance the first year in college
but after you’ve taken forever them a 6-1 doesn’t really matter the
seventh one doesn’t really matter there’s no evidence to suggest that students who took 10 AP classes as
high school students perform any better their first year here than 225 AP courses this is change the way our
Admissions Office reviews files which is great but this research is also been
presented publicly and so other admissions offices around the country
can use this if they want to and I think more importantly well
hopefully this makes its way down two high schools were high schools can
think more effectively about the best way to prepare and advise their students for success in
college have also highlighted wouldn’t he’s
being another service we provide unrelated a little unrelated to this
word official repository for the state Carolina vital statistics and Chris
Hobbs consult on so we’ve been doing this for
now all we I we globally been doing this for ninety
years I look remarkably well I think I I’ve
been doing for for on what we gonna do for the next 90
years all the autumn institute has been an active partner with Judith and some others on
campus and thinking about how to push forward
data science on campus we ran at Big Data revolution we see it
in the papers all the time something must be happening it makes it to the
front page arm and so we’re part of those
conversations in a couple of ways first were part of a group that is pushing for
an aspirational goal that every student graduate and
undergraduate student at UNC before they live can be considered before they leave
here would be considered a deliberate we
tossed around notions like the data University your day to you UNC
it’s on a very good logo yet but we’re organ that this should be part of a Carolina in the 21st century it’s
important for the autumn Institute in my view to be in the middle of this mess are because
the Big Data revolution as revolutionary because it’s a date about people we’ve
had big data about lots of other things for a long time but what makes it
impactful is that its data about people its health records its consumer behavior its those kinds of things the securities
are cell phone usage that really has people excited and also
nervous so we should be parted listed several
projects up there that are related to this I don’t have time to go through all
of those if anybody wants to ask about them
certainly can but an emerging guiding principle for
this work in the conversations that we’re trying
to be a leader I love is to think at Carolina
what can make Carolina’s data science initiatives innovative and different from what is
happening at other campuses is to think about data for the public
good now there’s nothing wrong with mining
data about people in order to give may be better better
advice on what movie you might want to watch on Netflix or what pop up ad may be best to show
when you’re surfing the well but we would like to shoot
higher we think that thinking about leveraging data to do more than just
better pop up as with the really have a positive impact on the public life is something that a world-class public
university but what was fired how are we going to do this for us it’s
about leveraging technology a key component is about leveraging technology
with the experts we on 10 those efforts is to develop what
we’re calling the virtual Institute for Social Research or visor
which is really meant to be a technological platform that connects data collection to data analysis to data
archiving and is and sharing all in a single safe secure platform we also want to leverage those kinds of new technologies
multimedia technologies to help researchers have a broader
impact for their research on on both the scientific community and
the law broader public as well as to push our
education and training capacities and skills out to broader
audiences so this is what we’re planning to do
it’s been a great pleasure to be the director of the autumn Institute for the
last four years these these last three quotes on the
last slide are are meant to show that we have a a significant impact here
on campus on early so says the do you know school
public health that were significant partner in the
Triangle writ large and that we’ve developed a
national and international reputation for excellence in what we do arm as living breathing proof that we’ve
done this at least once I i’ve invited to Elizabeth mandingo
graduate student with us here UNC to come in talk a little bit about
her experience with the ornaments issue thank you for having us come and get to talk about his
experiences I’m a final year graduate student because thanks permanent and
finishing my PHD the semester will try actually be my third diploma from Carolina and they’ve
been here for a little while my research focuses on the use mediators
and the words to negotiate cease-fires and peace agreement trying to understand
when mediation hopes to resolve these conflicts I mean when it actually make things
worse this raises important data and statistical problems and issues as well and so I’ll and substantively interested
in these complex I also study new methodologies and tools for doing this
kind of research in the social sciences recently accepted
a job at the University I was an assistant
professor political methodology and I’m starting a career in which I
will teach statistical methods to students at the undergraduate and
graduate-level advise PhD in Masters students as well
as honors theses and build relationships with other
faculty helping them advance their resurgence I’m sure they’ll have me
against mine the autumn institute has been critical
and prepare me for this career my first interaction at the Art
Institute my first mister graduate school and taking that statistic sequence in
the political science department and they needed to learn how to use data
statistical software %um Institute short courses tummy not only the basics of how
to use data but also give me the tools necessary to
be able to work with and learn stayed on my own going forward and so that I could
continue to use that over the last five years my education the phone for mister as the
more advanced statistics actually required more advanced software that’s it statistical tool data
could it Kendall my first up once again in
nineteen are was to go to the Institute’s record the
once again proving invaluable to hoping in bernie’s tools a few years later I had the opportunity
to actually join the audience to as the statistical lab consultant at
Omagh touch for Chris’s to students and faculty on statistical software as well as new
statistical methods predominantly though my job i’ve been
advising students and professors on the research design and analysis in
the undergraduate honors these these Matthews these these dissertations
article preparing for publication ever to students and faculty from all
kinds different academic departments including medicine education economics
public I’ll and many many others this range academic
discipline has brought into both my exposure to different methodological
challenges differ methodological tools and
different solutions to these challenges that many of us face in trying to do excellent research it may be more
flexible finger a better problem-solver and in
particular better anticipating potential problem early on in the research project with so
possibles maybe identify solutions that will make the
project easier on and Miller both the beginning phases
but also in the end not only have I got to help
others with their research in doing this but I know that my research has gotten
better the result it more rigorous more thorough more
conscious about being transparent and open and looking in forwards the company
might be to solve them early my work at the o2 in city with great
interest to the faculty at Iowa gonna be interviewed me in the fall this
coming semester first mister the professor a petition to
graduate seminars on statistical methods to the social for
him students there I’m very nervous but I also know that
I’m very well-prepared because my experience getting to work with students
and faculty at the Art Institute I’ll be advising MA and PhD students at
the design and execute the research project once again work that I’m prepared for
beginning to not be part the ornaments did you hear you meant the
and I’m very grateful for the opportunities that have had to learn and
work with you can institute am excited to take the lessons that
inflames there and be able to use them moving forward maker your to thank you and I’m sure we’d both
be very happy to answer any questions you may have jurors soda that SoCo authored book on
Monte Carlo recent simulation and resample in are written
with graduate student whose nose professor at
Colorado it doesn’t involve going to Monte Carlo
at all which is really does press early yeah it’s about turning your
computer into a laboratory so you can letter rerun experiments over
and over again to see if a particular statistical
method is actually doing what it says its due
in arm and so it’s a it we use a jeff and I
wrote that book because we believe in teaching through simulation because it allows students to actively
engage in the mathematical principles that are foundational to statistical
properties the estimation but if you don’t get the math
intuitively if you don’t read map the same way
normal people read words than the equations are helpful but the
simulations you practice and play with and
understand how a statistical method works homes to not have an office have my head
example but the concern and that many of us who study is
kinda public resolution have and it’s hard to measure this is
probably don’t have a good example if you can I if you can get a cease-fire
on paper and everybody signed off on it and really the disputants aren’t in
finding that sincerely Nikki provides opportunities can every
group and then refight am so their the concern is members are
working on how to measure this well is that if you negotiate too early if
you preempt when the distance really ready for it that are you really just encouraging
them to go back at it maybe in her fourth afterward would waiting a
little longer to try to push for that negotiation help actually resolve instead of just
temporarily pause but then re inflame around arm that’s a good question I mean I
think were were busy folks and and we like doing I think wished we try to line up projects as
they come in focus on the deadlines that they face
for external funding requirements for things like this
deliverables that they promised in their grants arm I also think we’re particularly
interested in helping people deal with sensitive data
your private data can be revealed as increasing challenge for researchers and
so we want to emphasize that I will say though that I don’t really think we stop to think
about well what’s the dollar figure behind the project right if a ten million dollar project
and a graduate student walk in the door something about Joe I on and order a beer something right
we’re not gonna say how much money you bring to the table arm that makes you more important right
were deeply committed to helping students deeply committed to helping
assistant professors who are connected to a big center a big project who don’t have the resources to do these
things other way well your technologically we’ve your barbers
helped us by a whole bunch in new servers and so
that kinda those kinds of issues aren’t aren’t there our business capacity issue
is in the staff time computer programmer
time in particular in to develop these tools advance these
tools service the needs of people on campus the than
needs vastly outstripped the capacity to meet everybody right
away arm if you got ideas about that I would I would love to hear them please and
Jonathan 14 side which is I don’t work for the data but we also
have multiple like access points forced students and faculty need help so
precise and who suffered with earlier I’m he makes appointments for people
have long-term EB major problems in the research that need it you know continue but at the den where’s
I do they sit behind a desk in a walk-in hours that students can just come by
with problems are faculty can come by the problem I’m so if they have something that may
be more like I was is the book made up under very involved and that may be more
like a one problem that needs to be resolved in the kingdom on and they can contact me and said Oh have
you make an appointment to come with when the the full time thousands of
the multiple points of entry for people as they had problems are things we can
help where her there’s about a her that stuff graduate students and staff
that does we have another five or six graduate students funded on
grant projects workforces yes outstanding a that’s right that’s right now so this is why we’re
part of the conversations on campus about data science more generally on
because we believe I believe in the autumn Institute staff I mean they haven’t told me otherwise
believe that that you you’re exactly right these are not just skills for academic
researchers is a fundamental skills this how to be a good citizen let alone
a good employee right we’re in a data-intensive world if
you wanna survive and understand and thrive in this world you need the
skills to process this kind of information a value-added critically we also need
people to think about the privacy issues the ethical issues all those kinds of
challenges and social scientists are well-situated to contribute to that conversation arm were not a degree-granting unit I don’t
have majors and minors and I don’t have aspirations for that but I think what we’re doing in the
short courses and workshops we provide that are open to everyone we
see people from all over campus lol forty percent or more the people who
take our short courses are not in the College of Arts and Sciences they’re coming from public health are
coming from school nursing are coming from the business because they know they need the skills
on we think of if use or to traditional
semester-long course is are the bricks up someone’s educational
trajectory moving forward at this kinda short courses workshops
for a modular flexible kind of training that we can
provide on the fly almost is the mortar that might hold the old
bridge together build a better foundation and so that’s what we’re trying to do
that’s how we’re trying to contribute that flexible innovative adaptive
strategy if someone walked into my office today
and says I need training in some methodology on I will say well if you think maybe
five or ten people come to the workshop will speed up the workshop were ready to
try it if it works great if it doesn’t work try something new else but we need to be adaptable yet so so we’ve done a number of small
grant contract kinds of projects with various state and local agencies are right now for example trees Edwards and and Chris Wilson are working
with Orange County waste disposal they’re
trying to study over cycling behavior in orange county and they thought it
might be good to do that and no sort of a systematic way to understand
their progress so we’re doing that right now arm were in conversations with the Department of Commerce to help
provide an interactive website shows young anybody but really targeting young
people could log into this website inside I
would like to have this kind of house I’d like to live in
this county I want this sort of lifestyle what sort of careers pay the kinda wages that I need to have
the kind a lifestyle that I want as I think about where to go to college or several states
have web sites like this up we’re trying to help with that as
well I think more generally any other you
we’ve got a number of projects with with private companies our partnership
with our Tier partnership with research talking doing a contract with sAGE Publications
a publishing company on to develop materials for them and
also to link publishing professional articles with
the publication of the data goes with them sages headquartered local from but there are lots of other kinds
of organizations that are so we we think and were you National
Consortium for data science is a public-private partnership several
corporate members are members about and we’re right in the middle that as well again trying to provide services
innovation that companies in the Triangle in
particular would find useful for them I won’t give a data science
talk at Cisco Systems last semester up to four people in the
room in seventy two of them online the new way of doing things yes we’re
trying very hard to reach out are and and meet needs in exactly the
areas that your concern abseil absolutely it’s it’s like everything as a resource
issue right a state local government agencies are
swimming in in cash to go higher help as well but where were we try to stretch
ourselves as much as we can this really fen-fen I’m have really enjoyed this
presentation is going to say before I came to the universe in North Carolina Chapel I
had known about the owner Institute for a long
time so I just do want to reinforce is widely known and I just throwin another piece of insight about why it’s
so important I bet if we were to look at the great
research universities if they did not have a center for promoting the learning about statistics
and announced they would not have research grants I was gonna say that I
think the single biggest reason people’s grants get rejected it’s because they’re analytical methods
are not modern app today and there is nothing harder
then for graduate student are starting faculty to try to think that through on their
own so I do believe that the long history this issue has a bigger indirect effect on why everybody’s been
at the cutting edge in so when we talk about our eight hundred million dollars with the
research grants those do really build because people have a place to get
not only this is to get started but to do these
advanced statistical math is so I you know I just want to to say that am
very excited when you talk about trying to find a way to make this the data University or that we take on the mantle making sure that our
graduates can go out and really feel like they could be
value-added whatever place they went because they
had that beginning or or pretty good
sophisticated understanding how to go for it so can you take just a minute and tell us a
little bit about what it would actually take to do that because I think that would
also answer questions about how to bring value to the state into their to the businesses they join how could we do that so all
set aside the obvious question no resourcing arm that for now yeah he is
%uh the %uh that’s no fun you want to hear that II I think there’s a collective energy
on campus to do this kind of work and a subgroup us actively working with with
a a committee that Judith organized last year subgroup us that involves also the Renaissance computing institutes and
I hauled computer science department in particular developing grant proposals
and things like this arm to try to coordinate bring together serve a single vision for for how to
begin in in my opinion I think the most important
thing for us to consider doing is beginning I think if we sit and wait until every I
is dotted and t’s crossed on the vision plan for what data science will be will be the last University doing it not
for sure virtually doing arm so I think what we need to do is
figure out some really good for stabs and start experimenting I starting for
gym faculty to develop new courses or transition existing courses to make them more data-intensive to
support more are the kinds of short courses and workshops at a bar shopper
other places on campus that can fill in the gaps email you
might not need a semester-long course on how to program in are but might take a week well
departments are critically well-organized offer week-long things were centers and
institutes are flexible and adaptable in that way so I think if we can set you know a
first or second kind of what’s our goal to get started what we
need in crate freshman seminars that our data
intensive we have structures on campus we need to populate
them with content arm in a little bit of energy to do that so that’s that’s where
I was and have one observation in you 1 I’m the nom real strengths appear Linea is our
collaborative nature we have a culture that’s very
collaborative in that didn’t happen by accident and if you think about %um Institute being
ninety years old are you guys have been collaborative
from the get-go and you said the you set the standard look at our
university how to be collaborative and I think the university as you guys
tremendous thank you a big thank you after leading the way
home thank you very much persian and Howard autumn set the example he you know the guy turned to PHD’s for
goodness sakes on these the epitome of interdisciplinary war and
so is it so difficult example to follow by that important
thank you thank you well